Traded as Viagra and several other names, sildenafil citrate is the chemical name that has been ruling the pharmaceutical industry like a king. Since its introduction, the medicine has started making headlines in medical world. Initially, it was invented for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension but eventually, after several clinical trials, scientists decided to re-launch the medicine as a remedy for erectile dysfunction in men. This historic decision was made after a male participants observed erection post consumption of sildenafil citrate during clinical trials. In todays date, this medicine has made its place in the market and it is quite impossible to replace the medicine.
How does sildenafil citrate work?
The medicine works by relaxing the inner lining of the blood vessels supplying blood to the male sexual organ. When the lining starts to get tightened, the blood vessels shrink in size and this leads to reduce flow of blood to the male organ. This further leads to erection difficulties. The medicine helps by widening the blood vessels and restoring the blood supply to the male sexual organ.
Though the medicine is quite popular amongst men dealing with erection issues, long-term usage of the drug is not recommended. Studies have shown that using the anti-ED drug for a longer span of time has some consequences. We are going to discuss about them in this article.
The ill-effects of long-term usage of sildenafil citrate aka Viagra pills are categorized land explained below:
An article put out in Newsinferno.com in the issue of October 2007, men taking Viagra for long term had reported loss of hearing. This further prompted the FDA to put it as serious side effects of sildenafil citrate. Using sildenafil citrate over a long period of time is associated with visual issues such as double vision and temporary vision loss. This also has been put under serious side effects.
Cerebrovascular and Cardiovascular effects
Cerebrovascular hemorrhage and Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) appear as severe side effects of using sildenafil citrate for a long term. Taking the drug for an extended period of time also affects the heart causing issues such as heart palpitations, irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia, and enlarged heart or cardiomyopathy. Studies have supported this statement. Therefore, one must be cautious during taking the medicine. One must not be dependent on the medicine.
Effects on gastro-intestinal and genito-urinary systems
The anti-ED drug affects the gastro-intestinal tract causing issues such as intestine problems, gastritis, dyspepsia and acid reflux, and diarrhea. As per the document published in Circulation, (AHA, Journals) in 1999, dyspepsia and acid reflux might happen due to relaxation of the esophageal sphincter situated between the duodenum and the stomach.
Adverse effects on genito-urinary system such as augmented risk of urinary tract infections, incontinence, and cystitis can appear. Some studies have reported inability to ejaculate or anorgasmia, and abnormal ejaculation process.
It is one of the most common side effects of using sildenafil citrate over a long period of time. Studies have confirmed that men using the medicine for recreational reason have higher risk of developing psychological dependency.